What I Didn’t Know Then, I Sure As Hell Do Now

I am working hard to revamp my business foundation. So much more on the business aspect. Ugly, but necessary to succeed in this world. A to-do list has been made. To-do lists are a means to make the productivity go as smoothly as possible. Without the organization, the foundation will crumble.

To-do lists also help me stay focused when my mind enjoys a loop into the Attention-Deficient Disorder episodes. I guess you can say a counter-act of sorts to the obstacles that try to stand in my way path to find the means of the business life I want to succeed in.

Yes, my mind is slowly expanding towards the business aspect of my dreams. I’ve recently learned that majority of artists don’t understand the aspect of business. Some are not even willing to compromise their creativity, or expand in a sense to profit their artwork or work towards the demands of the business world. Especially with today. So many corporates give the word ‘business’ a bad name and even sometimes portray it as a satanic mindset, but let’s get back to earth. Like it or not, money makes the world go round, money puts food on the table (which reminds me…), money helps those in need. If you were true to your heart as an artist or a business individual, you wouldn’t hesitate to keep to your heart. Sacrifice a little to help others, but also make sure you can feed your own soul, mind, and body as well.

Regardless of everything going on in this world, STILL TODAY, nothing is just black and white. Not art, not reality, not science, not imagery, not politics, and not business. Everything is becoming clear. Everything is based on comprehension, perspective and subjective in the most obscene ways. My philosophical viewing is just getting stronger as I age, regardless of the current populum fallacy of the world.

I think that’s my cue to end this post. This is just an example of my ADD. One second I am talking about business, the next… philosophy? One of many mysteries of my mind. Welcome to my visions.

Discovering Minimalism…

Pop! Vinyl collection

The other week I watched two documentaries, Minimalism: A Documentary About the Important Things and Happy. It astonishes me how materialistically we are consumed in the Americanized societies in the world. We have so much luxuries! Why do we struggle with mental health as a whole?! Hell, there are people in India who lives in poverty and are much happier with the cards that God dealt them in life than an American with a crap load of money. The two previous documentaries are a wake up call for me.

No worries, I am going somewhere with this; first, define happiness and minimalism for me right now. Just jot down your ideologies at this very moment. Set it aside. We will get back to this point of my blog momentarily.

Just a part of my
book collection.

I will be frank, I have financial stability in my life, but I am also a geek that has to have so much crap to prove my geekiness. Money flies, but I am not alone.

America and majority of developed countries have a need to buy materialistic waste for a short-term satisfactory emotion. We have the needs to get the most recent technology, the most expensive brands of clothes, the most fashion furniture. What happens when we pass on in this lifetime? Most things gets handed off, but a lot of it gets thrown in the trash. More space consumption for the infamous pollution crisis. Well, that’s my visual on the bigger picture, or am I missing something? I mean I understand each individual is different.

We, as a whole, are always competing with each other with the best of this, the
best of that, and how much money we make. Why? I am guilty of it myself. I envy my friends who make more than me and sometimes find myself a bit stingy with those that make less than me. Yes, I worked my ass off in my life to be where I am at, but it needs to be nip in the butt. I need to get back to the reality of what values I possess in this greedy society and hang onto that. My poetry, my books collection, my camera; that is the most valuable means in this life for me.

Another kryptonite of mine is food. Either I order too much or I buy too much groceries than I can intake in my meal preps and end up throwing out a good portion. Speaking of portioning my prep meals, I need to discipline myself with leftovers. I need to be better for the environment and for the people. It’s a slap in the face when you have all this food and in the world hunger and poverty is still one of the biggest issues. If I nip my part of this issue in the ass, I would be doing my part in society for the environmental and societal issues that we have today. I want to do better, I know I can.

So for moving into my new apartment next month, I am going through my excessive foods and materials and will donate what I really don’t need or won’t eat in the next four weeks.
In return of all these adjustments in my life, I can do more of what makes me the happiest, traveling.

Now let’s go back to you. What makes you happy? What are your thoughts of minimalism? Are you willing to adjust your lifestyle to do better for this society as a whole? I am not asking you to radicalize, I’m just requesting baby steps.

Philosophical Vision: Institutional Theory

The institutional theory is the most complex theory in the aesthetics field. Also, the most recent that covers the definition of, “what is art?” According to this theory, the argument holds, “X is an artwork, if the “art world” says it is. The art world consists of individuals who have intellectual knowledge on aesthetics AND history of art.

Art therapy also backs up Collingwood’s theory, as art is supposed to express emotions. Many war veterans, amongst other victims of life’s disaster, use art therapy as a process in a treatment to recover from their pasts. Whether it’s painting, writing, or some other form of art, war veterans become artists.

In this case, therapists are considered the “art world.” If the art piece is not exposed to anyone else. Therefore, it is still classified as art in the sense of the classificatory definition. The piece is an artifact created by humans and a status is conferred even if it is just one individual. (“Emily Dickinson”) It is still not none. Therefore it is still art.

However, not all art is revealed to the art world nor was intended to be exposed to the art world initially. Therefore it can’t be art according to the early institutional theory. This includes the poems of Emily Dickenson that weren’t published until after her passing and also the likes of art therapy. Therefore, theorists could argue that these particular art pieces are not indeed art.

The transition of the institutional theory from early to later, excludes the conferring sense. So therefore, even if the “art world” cannot see an art piece, it is still art, even if it is not intended for the public eye. Therefore, art pieces created in art therapy and Emily Dickenson’s poems are still considered art.

“Emily Dickinson: Lives of a Poet.” New York: Braziller, 1986. Print.

Philosophical Vision: Ethics

We should act based on The Minimum Corception of Morality guide, through reason as well as regards to others. When it comes to ethics, there are three positive criticisms we should all know and be aware of, utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue. 
According to Richard Kraut, Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. The virtue characteristics include justice, courage, temperance, etc. Aristotle also understood that we need a proper appreciation of such goods as friendship, pleasure, honor, wealth, and virtue all play into one another as a whole. 
Virtue outweighs both utilitarianism and deontology on the ethics scale. Not all theories are black and white. For example the things we must do or not must do. We all know lying is a negative criteria of ethics, but with a situation between an inquiring murder, lying would be considered protecting your friend’s or your family’s life. 
Utilitarianism consists of the quantitative and qualitative measures of pleasures. Bentham’s hedonic calculus shows that not everyone’s levels of pleasures are the same. Compare a human with maybe a dog. The utilities vary as well as the pleasures. 
However Aristotle doesn’t follow Plato with sciences and metaphysics are needed for the understanding of one’s ethics. Considering there are three deficiencies of virtue, which consist of people in the categories, continence, incontinence, vice. For example, the evil individuals who wholeheartedly plan to endorse evil whatever it may be. 
For those who fall under the deficiencies, without metaphysics or sciences, we wouldn’t be able to “fix” those with psychological needs to adjust their virtue to where it needs to be. Back to the “Golden Mean”, the mean between the two extremes.    
Work Cited
Kraut, Richard, “Aristotle’s Ethics”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (spring 2012 Edition). Web. 11/19/2012. .

Philosophical Vision: Kant vs. Hume

When Immanuel Kant took the “Copernican Revolution” and made a new argument with Philosophy and Epistemology, it made people’s head turn. Copernicus discovered that it wasn’t the Earth that was the center of the universe; in fact it was the Sun which the Earth rotates around. The same, according to Kant, plays in with the mind. Instead of the mind being the object rotating, the mind is the object in the center and “things” are rotating around the mind to develop the knowledge of them. 

Kant is not only a rationalist; he finds a way to interact empiricism with rationalism towards the bottom of the both of them. Kant has surely accomplished not only one of the strongest arguments, but also the most complicated one, so far, in our class if not to date today. He accomplished the compromising of dogmatism and skepticism.   

It was actually Kant who said of David Hume, “he woke me up from my dogmatic slumber.” Just like Hume’s A Priori (relations of ideas) and A Posteriori (matter of fact), Kant created an analytic stand point and a synthetic stand point. Just like A Priori, the analytic is a predicate that adds nothing to the subject. As well with the A Posteriori, the synthetic is a predicate that adds something to the subject. Both, Hume and Kant, used the examples of science (a posteriori) and mathematics (a priori) to each explanation.\

One of Hume’s points is the argument of causation, i.e. the watchmaker design. The analogy of that in itself draws a number of lines. The fact that it’s an induction instead of a deduction brings problems in itself. It’s neither a priori nor a posteriori since we can’t experience it ever, so it can’t be real. 

According to the Stanford Encyclopedia, Kant has an answer to Hume’s skeptical view of causation. Kant created a four way diagram for A priori, a posteriori, analytic, and synthetic to which causation lands in the same area as space and time. Kant also said, “Assume things with the mind for existence.” Examples of those things in themselves would be time, space and causation. Kant also pointed out that you need to already have understanding already in the mind in order to have experience to develop the knowledge. (“Kant and Hume on Causality”)

Work Cited
             De Pierris, Graciela and Friedman, Michael. “Kant and Hume on Causality.” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2008. Web. 29 October 2012.